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Hand Fractures

Fractures to bones in the hand can lead to chronic pain, stiffness, and reduced range of motion, which may impact daily activities and grip strength. Some individuals may develop arthritis in the affected joints, particularly if the fracture involves the joint surfaces. In cases of severe or improperly healed fractures, there can be permanent deformities. Nerve damage associated with the fracture can also lead to numbness or tingling sensations. Ensuring proper treatment and following a rehabilitation program with physical therapy is crucial to minimise these long-term complications and aid in the recovery of hand function.

Hand fracture X-ray

Helpful Information

A hand fracture refers to a break in one or more of the bones within the hand, which includes the small bones of the fingers (phalanges) and the bones of the wrist (carpals). This injury can result from direct blows, falls, or twisting movements. Symptoms typically include pain, swelling, bruising, and reduced mobility or inability to move the fingers or thumb. Diagnosis is usually confirmed through X-rays. Treatment varies depending on the severity and location of the fracture and may involve splinting, casting, or surgery to ensure proper healing and restore function to the hand. In some scenarios, hand fractures can be caused by the wrongdoing or negligence of a third party. In these circumstances, it may be possible to bring an injury compensation claim.

What are phalanges?

Phalanges are the small bones that make up the fingers and toes. Each finger and toe, except the thumb and big toe, has three phalanges—proximal, middle, and distal—while the thumb and big toe each have two, lacking the middle phalanx. These bones provide structure and mobility, enabling fine movements and the handling of objects.

What are metacarpal bones?

Metacarpal bones are the five long bones located in the hand between the wrist and the fingers. They form the skeleton of the palm and are numbered from one to five, starting from the thumb side. Each metacarpal bone connects to a phalanx, supporting the hand’s structure and facilitating movement and grip.

What are carpal bones?

Carpal bones are the eight small bones that make up the wrist, connecting the forearm to the hand. They are arranged in two rows of four and work together to facilitate complex movements of the wrist and provide a stable base for the hand. These bones play a crucial role in the flexibility and function of the wrist.

What are the most common causes of injuries to these bones?

Injuries to the phalanges, metacarpals, and carpal bones often result from falls, direct impacts, or twisting motions. Common causes include sports accidents, workplace injuries, and road traffic accidents. Falls where a person tries to catch themselves with an outstretched hand are a common cause of fractures in these bones. Repetitive stress or overuse can also cause injuries, particularly in athletes or workers performing repetitive hand motions. Additionally, conditions like osteoporosis can weaken the bones, making them more susceptible to fractures from minor trauma or falls.

Can I bring a compensation claim for a hand fracture?

Yes, you can bring a compensation claim for injuries to the hand bones if they occur due to someone else’s negligence or in a work-related incident. In cases of workplace injuries, compensation may cover medical expenses and lost wages. If the injury results from an accident like a car crash or a public place fall, where another party is at fault, you may also have the grounds to pursue an injury claim. It’s important to document the injury, seek medical attention, and consult with a legal professional to understand your rights and the viability of your claim.

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Flor McCarthy

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wears multiple hats, not only as the managing partner of one of Ireland’s leading law firms, but also as an author, speaker and an acknowledged expert in client service, innovation and marketing.

Beginning his academic journey at UCC, Flor furthered his education with a master’s degree in law from UCD. After gaining valuable experience as a solicitor in Dublin, the allure of home and the family brought him back to West Cork to contribute his expertise to the family business.
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is a seasoned solicitor with almost 20 years of experience, specialises in personal injury and medical negligence claims, focusing particularly on high-value compensation cases. His extensive litigation experience spans Circuit Court, High Court and Supreme Court levels.

John's practice involves a diverse range of cases, from personal injury and wrongful death to property damage, defective products, professional negligence and judicial reviews.
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